The Northern Bobwhite is divided into 22 different subspecies. Females show little variation among the different forms, but the males can vary dramatically. Some Bobwhites from Mexico have little banding across the chest, are uniformly rufous, and have all black heads. The most common species of quail, the Bobwhite is often referred to as the number one game bird of the eastern and southern United States. It ranges from Canada to Mexico and is found east of the Rocky Mountains. A combination of fields, brush, weed patches and wood lots are ideal places for bobwhite habitat.
Field trials throughout the United States, Canada and Mexico are held on Bobwhite quail. Wild birds are still available for trials in Mexico and in a few western states. Land management along with release programs make semi-wild birds available for many field trials in southern and western states. Pen-raised birds are used for trials in most other areas.
For Major Circuit Championships run on Bobwhite quail, see: Major Circuit Open All-Age Championship Map, Major Circuit Open Shooting Dog Championship Map